We are here with all the knowledge we can provide on all aspects of learning. You want to help your kid in his science project about cells? Sure! Sheppard software has sorted it all out for you. We are offering different ways to acknowledge yourself and your kids about cells and their types. As cell comprises of our entire body so it’s essential to know about it as well. Let’s start with the tutorial and move up to the games to make the leaning a fun activity. Cause why can’t we have a little fun while studying.
Sheppard Software Cells:
A cell is the basic and smallest unit of life. It is the structural, functional and biological unit of all living organisms. There are millions of cells in our body or in an organism but they are too small to be seen with a naked eye. You can use a light microscope to see it. They act as building blocks of a unit like bricks are considered to be the building blocks of a building.
Each cell has an outer membrane which encloses the cytoplasm and have many biomolecules inside like mitochondria, Golgi apparatus, nucleus etc. All these biomolecules are known as organelles.
Sheppard software helps us to learn about the types of cell like:
- Plant Cells
- Animal Cells
- Bacterial Cells
All these kinds of cells have many things in common but obviously they differentiate at some level. The common organelles in all these cells are discussed below.
Different parts of a cell each of which is performing its own function are called organelles.
- Cell Membrane:
All cells are surrounded by a structure called cell membrane. It can be understood by an example like the boundary walls of a building, which acts as a barrier between the internal and external environment of the cell. It is also known as plasma membrane.
Sheppard software says that the cytoplasm is the place in a cell where all the action happens. The cytoplasm is a thick, clear, jelly-like substance present inside the cell membrane. Most of the chemical reactions within a cell take place in this cytoplasm. The cell organelles such as endoplasmic reticulum, vacuoles, mitochondria, ribosomes, are suspended in this cytoplasm.
This organelle is called “The Powerhouse of the cell” because it produces ATP which are the energy currencies of the cell. This is considered to be its main function, however it has a few other roles as well like regulation of metabolism and processing and storage of calcium ions.
It is the control center of the cell. It contains the genetic information about the cell in for of genes called as DNA. Its functions include the production of RNA and ribosomes. It gives commands to different parts of cell about how to operate or how much quantity of any substance is needed to be produced. Nucleus has a biomolecular structure present inside it whoch is responsible for the production of ribosomes and proteins. As it contains the genetic information and chromosomes, it carries out the cell division process.
- Golgi Apparatus:
Golgi Apparatus acts as the packaging plant of the cell. It packs different nutrients (lipids, proteins) into different packs known as vesicles. Each nutrient packet is non-identical so that the body can recognize which material is it. Golgi apparatus then ships these packs to various destinations. It is also responsible for the production of plasma membrane.
- Lysosomes & Peroxisomes:
These membrane-bounded organelles are responsible for cleaning down the waste material present in the cell. It detoxify an harmful substance and salvage the material which could be useful for the cell.
- Endoplasmic Reticulum:
It is a network of membranes which helps in the movement of proteins from the nucleus to the golgi apparatus. It also transports the material from one cell to another. Due to the presence of ribosomes on the endoplasmic reticulum, its appearance is rough (RER) and those without an ribosomes on the are smooth (SER).
They are found floating throughout the cytoplasm or stuck on the endoplasmic reticulum. The take their orders directly from the nucleus and works on the production of protein which is need by the cell. Proteins made by the ribosomes stuck on the endoplasmic reticulum either moves out of the cell to different parts of body or stays in the cell but the protein produced by free floating ribosomes stays in the boundary of the cell and is consumed by it.
Difference between Animal and Plant cells:
A plant and animal cell has many similar organelles with identical functions. They differ in the presence of the cell wall. A plant cell has cell wall, chloroplast and large central vacuole. Cell wall is a rigid wall along the cell which holds the shape of it and protects it from any injury. Sheppard software cell tutorial tells us the vacuole contains the waste material of the cell saving it from getting contaminated and stored water for later use.
These differ from both the plant and animals cells as they are prokaryotes. It means they are single celled organisms. The tutorial on sheppard software on bacterial cells shows that they lack a proper shaped nuclei and membrane-bounded organelles and is in a shape of a capsule. However, the bacterial cell includes cell wall, ribosomes, and cytoplasm. The genetic material entangles together in the center in the form of clusters called as nucleoid. Flagella is a tail-like structure present at the base of the capsule of bacterial cell helping it to move around.
Sheppard Software Games:
Sheppard software promises you the fun learning process and here we are fulfilling our promise. When you are done learning all about the organelles of the cell, which are the building blocks of a cell then we play a game of labelling the diagram according to the presence of each organelle. The images of animal cell, plant cell and bacterial cell is given and the kids can label their parts by choosing the organelle names from the given column.
We love a challenge when we know it all. After you are done memorizing the names of cells, their organelles and their functions, you can challenge yourself and solve the sheppard software cells quiz. In which you have to identify the parts of cells according to their intended functions.